The Scottish Human Rights Commission has warned that plans for vaccine passports to access services and public spaces may further marginalise the most vulnerable parts of society.
In a briefing to the Scottish Government, the commission has called it not to roll out such a scheme unless it was necessary and could be done in a way that is proportionate, holyrood.com reports.
The UK Government started trialling options for a COVID-19 status certificate in parts of England earlier this month.
The Scottish Government has not committed to such a scheme but has confirmed it is exploring the possibility alongside the other four UK nations.
But the human rights watchdog said requiring certification to access essential services, transport and hospitality venues may have a discriminatory nature regarding those not able to get a vaccine or test.
It warned this could “further exacerbate the inequities highlighted during the pandemic”, including the marginalisation of the homeless, refugees and migrants, and people living in poverty.
The briefing highlights that the World Health Organization has not yet confirmed vaccines are effective at reducing transmission of the virus, which should also be established before going down the route of COVID certification.
The commission warned a scheme could “undermine confidence in vaccination among those who are already less likely to accept a vaccine, and to create a false sense of immunity protection beyond that actually achieved through vaccination.”
Regarding the suggestion that a negative test could also be used to provide certification, the commission said this would only be an alternative for those unable to be vaccinated if testing was made accessible and affordable.
The commission has made ten recommendations for the government before it decides whether to use, support or permit a certification scheme in Scotland. These include adopting a human rights-based approach, ensuring any scheme is necessary and proportionate, and making the measure temporary.
Judith Robertson, chair of the Scottish Human Rights Commission, said: “The possibility of using a COVID-19 certification scheme to access areas of society within Scotland raises a number of human rights concerns. It is vital that the Scottish Government takes its human rights obligations fully into account in considering this matter, proceeding only with the utmost caution.”
First Minister Nicola Sturgeon has previously said ethical issues have to be carefully considered before COVID passports could be introduced.
Sturgeon said: “We all want to get back to normal so anything that can play a part in getting us back to normal is something we should think about very carefully, but nor should we just gloss over the practical or ethical issues that we have to think through properly. I think if we’re going to have a system of vaccine certification, then it’s really important that if the public has confidence in that.”
But others have challenged the proposal, warning it would be “divisive and discriminatory”.
Scottish Lib Dem leader Willie Rennie has said: “This is super ID cards by the back door. Vaccine passports will divide the country, effectively make vaccination compulsory and pave the way for a permanent ID card.”