Estonia’s plans to build Europe’s first small scale nuclear reactor

To ensure and increase its energy generation, Estonia is going to have its first nuclear reactor, a small modular reactor ready within about ten years.

Estonian broadcaster ERR reported that it is planned to locate the facility some 100 kilometres east of Tallinn, on the coast of the Gulf of Finland, as reported by

Another reason of it are to meet climate targets. Estonia’s emissions from the production of electricity are the highest in Europe. So the government has decided to shut down power stations that use shale oil by 2035.

The following companies may participate in the project: NuScale power, Ultra Safe Nuclear, GE Hitachi and Rolls Royce.

On Tuesday, it was announced that Belgian engineering company Tractebel has intention to invest and become a shareholder in the Estonian Fermi Energia that is in charge of the project. Finnish state-owned energy giant Fortum fulfills a consultative role.

Small modular reactors (SMR) are considered to be safer than traditional reactors and can be situated near cities. According to a survey by Deep Isolation Company, Estonian soil would suit well for the disposal of nuclear waste.

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