The Coronavirus: What Scientists Have Learned So Far

In 2003 Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) outbreak took place. In 2012 the infection called Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) has spread throughout Saudi Arabia. Mentioned diseases were caused by coronavirus, a new type of which broken out in China, Wuhan and Hubei Provinces, as reported New York Times on 8 January 2020.
The new coronavirus is a respiratory virus transmitted human-to-human through cough and sneezing. The incubation period takes from 10 to 14 days, the disease may resemble cold or flu, cause difficulty breathing, shortness of breath and pneumonia. Scientists assume that the virus could have been spread from animal to human as well. The cases of infection were linked to a market where live fish, animals and birds were sold, thus, it is considered that coronavirus was transmitted from bats to pangolins or armadillo-like animal and then ” to human.
Virologists cant say for sure, however, they suppose that the virus is the most dangerous for aged and middle-aged people, for those who have diabetes type 2, health care workers, and less€” for children. To recover people need enough liquid, and their lungs must be supplied with oxygen. As Dr. Vaishampayan says, the rest will be done by the immune system of the patient. Unfortunately, the vaccine invention is still in progress and may take at least a year or even more. Though surgical masks are not able to protect from virus for sure, to prevent coronavirus to be spread they are required to be worn: if you have cought you will protect people around as well as protect yourself if you are at the epicentre of outbreak. Experts also recommend to wash your hands and try not to touch your face.
China is taking particular actions to fight the virus. The market where the virus was found was desinfected, infected people were rounded up and placed in stadiums or other buildings that were made into hospitals. Chinese officials are using cell-phone data to search for people who have been to Hubei Province and intercept them.
Foreign countries don`t recommend to visit China, unless it is impossible to avoid the trip. Because of virus that spreads quickly, United States carefully check passengers from China and limit air flights. People arrive from China are placed under quarantine for about 14 days, Australia evacuated its citizens, Russia and Mongolia closed most of their borders with China.
Now China and WHO are cooperating in order to find a treatment against coronavirus.

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